LEISHMANIASIS

Click here for Portuguese information on the treatment of Leishmaniasis
Attention: doses alopurinol twice a day


Tests :
"The most reliable is the PCR, this detects the presence of DNA of the parasite and when the other tests are suspicious

WARNING:
We are informed on a number of incidences of false test results by "instant result" tests.
The PCR (polymerase chain reaction) test is named as an excellent test.
PCR test now available http://www.aegis.com/pubs/atn/1988/ATN06002.html

Note AAP: We do not approve of killing dogs that can be cured.

Aspirin
It works as vascular ennancer (vasodilator) and helps the body to oxigenate better, diminushing muscular pain (as happens in tick fever) and improving the regeneration of tissues.
(For tick disease: You can do the aspirin for the hole 21 days of doxicyclin and then for 10 more days)

Kimiadapt
There is a medication that will help the imune system in this conditions called Kimiadapt.
Its a plant extract (andrographys paniculata) that makes the body stronger.
Ask in herbal shops. A box of tablets (60 tablets) that is given 1 tablet per 10 kg (costs 21,25€)



NEW 2011: vaccine against leishmaniasis => link

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New medicine: Miltefosine link : Miltefosine against leishmaniasis

www.leishmaniasis.info





LEISHMANIOSE



Click here for Portuguese information on the treatment of Leishmaniasis such as type and doses
Glucantime (injections) as a starter boost if the kidneys and liver are functioning well - Alopurinol (tablets) in a sustained correct dose for life (twice a day).
START THE TREATMENT WITH THE COMBINATION OF GLUCANTIME AND ALOPURINOL!
Glucantime 20-30 doses depending on the progress of the treatment

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Visible symptoms are:
Wounds that won't heal at the ears, nostrils, legs, pads and/or bottom, "cauliflower" nose, dermatitis with scabs most notable around the eyes, protruding crooked nails in damaged nail-beds, watery eyes, loss of weight, depression


information / photos from www.goedleven.be


WARNING:
We are informed on a number of incidences of false test results by "instant result" tests.
The PCR (polymerase chain reaction) test is named as an excellent test.
PCR test now available http://www.aegis.com/pubs/atn/1988/ATN06002.html

Note AAP: We do not approve of killing dogs that can be cured.

Leishmaniasis is considered to be a contagious and dangerous disease which it is NOT. False test results have a serious repercussion on the lives of dogs. In many countries dogs with Leishmaniasis have to be killed. Consequently dogs with false positive test results have been killed too! Acting on false test results also leads to unnecessary burdensome and costly treatment or no treatment for dogs that need it. So it is very important to be sure before you act.

The PCR (polymerase chain reaction) test is named as an excellent test.The Witness test is a generally used test for detection of Leishmaniasis amongst other blood disorders. In case of a positive test result a second test to verify the primary outcome and to define the basis for treatment is needed.
To eliminate false test results this should be done by a specified, good laboratory. For practical purposes I.F.I. (Indirect Immuno Fluorescence) is the best lab test, although more sophisticated ones are also available.
For the Iberian peninsula the lab of Dr. Echevarne in Barcelona is named as the best for this second test. Barcelona Tel.: 935 040 100 Fax: 932 154 838
Director: Dr. Fernando Echevarne Horario: lunes a viernes: 6.00-21.00 h nbspsábado: 8.00-13.00 h

For the north of Europe: Med. Lab. Marienhof MG in Germany fax: 0049 2161 819475.
Dutch laboratorium for several types of bloodtests EVL;
European Veterinary Laboratory Postbus 198 3440AD Woerden.
Tel.: 0348-412549 Fax: 0348-414626

Visit these web sites:

LEISHMANIASIS
by D. Strauss-Ayali and G. Baneth

Leishmania Donovani Infantum, an approach to the problem
by Gonzalo Grijelmo also English text


Idexx provides diagnostic tests which the veterinarian can do him (her) self.
With some drops of blood a dog can be tested in some minutes on several parasites that are in the Meditaranean region.
There is a combined test for heartworm, lyme and Erlichia and one test for Leishmania.
Idexx is situated in several countries.
The Spanish address is: Idexx Laboratorios S.L.
Avda. Diagonal n" 618, 5"F 08021 Barcelona,Spain

In short, be very careful avoiding dramatic consequences of false test results and have second tests done by an excellent lab.

Leishmaniasis is caused by a protozoal parasite. It is primarily found in (sub)tropical areas such as the Mediterranean basin and in the Middle East. Leishmaniasis is not, as people believe, transmitted by the mosquito but by the bite of the very small female sandfly. A characteristic feature of the sandfly is that they move in groups as erratically jumping small clouds in the air. This sandfly is active from before sunset and during the night. Keep your pets inside especially at night. People can not get Leishmaniasis from their pets but they can be bitten by the sandfly as well.

Symptoms of Leishmaniasis in dogs include weight loss, swelling of the joints, lameness, bleeding, and swelling of lymph nodes. Skin lesions and kidney failure frequently develop in afflicted dogs. The disease can be fatal in dogs as the organs gradually get severely damaged. Treatment with Glucantime injections results in remission of the disease though not a totally "clean" recovery. Life-long follow up treatment with Alopurinol will prevent multiplication of the surviving parasites. In other words, the parasite is very difficult to eradicate from an infected dog but - if detected in an early stadium before vital organs are damaged - the dog can lead a normal life.

If any of you have had personal experience with canine Leishmaniasis, we would like to hear from you.
As progress is made in the treatment of Leishmaniasis we should be less inclined to kill lovely animals that can lead a normal life with the right treatment. Information on the new treatment: Oleyl-PC newly developed by Prof. Dr H. Eibel, fax 0049- 5512011753; tel secr (8.00-12.00) 0049 5512011315

Visit Canine visceral Leishmaniasis

Our personal experience:

Our lovely dog was feeling unwell and depressed. After a blood test by our veterinarian we heard that she has Leishmaniasis. After determining that kidney and liver functions were OK she received the initial cure with 21 Glucantime (antimoniato de N- metilglucamina) subcutaneous injections every other day to bring down the number of parasites. As follow up she gets 300 mg Uriprim (alopurinol) pills twice a day to prevent eventual remaining parasites to multiply. She is happy and playing and running with our other dogs like before. We wanted to keep her alive and we are very happy we did so. We are very grateful to our veterinarian for is excellent guidance in this matter.

Click here for Portuguese information on the treatment of Leishmaniasis
Attention: doses alopurinol twice a day


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