EMERGENCY TREATMENT OF INTOXICATION



Subjects:
First aid kit
GOAL: Prevention of further absorption of poison


First Aid Kit

WHAT CAN YOU DO ABOUT POISONING?

Poisoning is one of the most barbaric and cowardly crimes against animals, causing them extremely painful and agonizing deaths. And it is a source of immense anguish and grief to the people who love them.
Strangely enough hardly any complaints are filed to the Police or the municipality, many people believing it is useless to do so and they simply accept it as 'a fact of life'. The victims might disagree... if they could have their say in it!...
Your veterinarian will do all he can to rescue a poisoned animal but often it is impossible to save the animal's life. Therefore it is important to take further action!
The veterinarian can make an anonymous record of the poisoning cases in his clinic to chart the poisoning problem and bring it to the attention of relevant authorities. These are needed as evidence and statistics, so that authorities can no longer pretend the problem does not exist - as they often claim - and to press them to take further action to protect animals. We aim for stricter laws, severe sentences and effective enforcement of the laws.
PRECAUTIONS
Keep your animal away from 'edible things' in places where they don't belong. They can be packed in plastic bags, bowls with food or liquids, remnants of food, meatballs etc. Remove and discard such suspicious items when you happen to see them. Poisoned baits are often put at places where animal lovers leave food for the strays. Beware of (colored) powdery substances! Keep an eye on the behavior of any strangers around your property, especially when they are annoyed with your barking dogs. Record the number plates of suspicious cars and the date and place you saw them. Have a camera at hand to collect evidence.
FIRST AID PREPARATION
First of all discuss the content and use of a first aid kit with your veterinarian as emetics and antidotes differ per country. Ask your vet to tell you the symptoms of poisoning by herbicides and pesticides like strychnine, arsenic, paraquat etc. He knows which poisons are used locally, he can explain the symptoms and he can advise on the treatment. Knowing the symptoms is essential as antidotes can be harmful if an animal is not poisoned! Most vets appreciate the fact that first aid by the owner of a poisoned animal is crucial for its survival. Ask your vet to show you how to administer emetics or activated carbon solutions orally and how to handle a syringe in such a case of emergency. Preparation is the first step!
THE FIRST AID KIT
Carry with you at all times a first aid kit containing emetics (ampoules and/or solutions), activated carbon (tablets or solution), a syringe and antidotes, together with the dosage and administration instructions your vet will recommend. Be aware that dogs and cats need different treatment and that oral treatment of a poisoned animal might be impossible when it has convulsions or is unable to swallow.

FIRST AID
Warn the veterinarian immediately! When you start first aid let another person phone the veterinarian so he can prepare for the emergency treatment while you are on your way to him.
1. If possible, try to identify the substance ingested before administering the emetics by:
carefully inspecting the surrounding area
and observing the symptoms of the animal.
WARNING: You should NOT cause an animal to vomit if it has ingested caustic/acid substances or glass, as this would cause further damage of the internal organs! In that case try to administer activated carbon and leave for the vet immediately.
WARNING: If the animal has convulsions do NOT administer anything orally (through the mouth). With swallowing always be very careful in order to avoid aspiration into the lungs.
If it is likely that it has ingested another poison:
2. Make the animal throw up with:
orally: 30 - 60 cc of saturated salt water solution, or
orally: 30 - 60 cc of diluted hydrogen peroxide (1:10), or
orally: mustard seeds in lukewarm water, or
orally: 10% IPECAC SYRUP (10ml per 10kg body weight), or injection: APOMORPHINE (0,05mg per kg body weight), do not use on cats as they get wild by it, or
injection: FILTALON under the skin (large dog 1cc and if it has not vomited after 5 minutes another 1cc)(medium dog 1cc) (very small dog or a cat 0.5cc)
3. Only after it has thrown up:
Let it swallow active carbon.
Give it an intramuscular injection of:
dogs/cats: ATROPINE (0.04mg per kg or 1ml per 10kg), or
cats: XYLAZINE (0,5-1mg per kg)
4. When finished take the animal to your vet immediately!
N.B.: Beware of overdose!

POISONING SYMPTOMS:
insecticide (organo-phosphate) poisoning: salivation, excessive tears, diarrhoea, severe vomiting, constriction of the pupil, muscle twitching, asthmatic breathing, convulsion and coma. Treatment: an injection of atropine (one vial for a cat or small dog, two or three vials for larger dogs depending on their weight). The injection can be intravenous (into the vein - it is absorbed most quickly this way), intramuscular (into the muscle), or subcutaneous (under the skin).
rat poison (warfarincan): result in vomiting and diarrhoea, but sometimes the animal will display no symptoms at all for two to three days. Patches of red/purple/dark blue on the body or gums begin to develop later. These are signs of internal bleeding. Treatment involves an injection of vitamin K (Konakion) to help clot the blood - between 5mg and 20mg depending on the size and weight of the animal.
strychnine poisoning: animals that have been poisoned with strychnine go into spasm, their pupils expand and muscles twitch. Treatment is an injection of diazepan (Valium): cats 5-10mg, dogs 10-30mg depending on size and weight.
Report cases of deliberate poisoning to the Police and the municipality
Teach children that poisoning is a terrible and horrible crime

® Action Against Poisoning





GOAL: Prevention of further absorption of poison

- After administering first aid go immediately to your veterinarian in all cases
- Let someone warn the veterinarian immediately that you are coming after administering first aid

A. Induce vomiting if the poison was internally absorbed:

a. ingestion of the poison occurred less than 3 hours before presentation
b. the animal has a normal gag reflex and is not convulsing or very depressed (danger of choking)
N.B.: If the product ingested was a petroleum distillate, strong acid or base then do NOT induce vomiting but go immediately to your veterinarian!

How to induce vomiting:
a. CATS: a dose of IPACAC syrup 6,6 ml/kg is recommended
b. DOGS: a 20% solution of common salt with water should be administered according to the size of the dog (50ml to 500ml)
c. CATS & DOGS: after vomiting administer activated charcoal slurry (10ml/kg of 1gr of activated charcoal/5ml of water)

N.B.: Take care to have a first aid kit for your animals at hand at all times!

- IPACAC syrup can be obtained at the pharmacy
- activated charcoal (carv‹o activado) can be obtained at the pharmacy
- plastic bottles with a spout or hole in the cap can be useful for the oral
administering of liquids

B. Remove the poison from the skin and hair coat if the poison
was cutaneously absorbed (through the skin)

How to remove the poison:
Remove the flea collar if that is the (suspected) toxic source.
Wash the animal in warm, soapy water, rinse and repeat that one time.
Shower it with warm water for 10 minutes afterwards.

Portuguese


TRATAMENTO DE EMERGÊNCIA DAS INTOXICAÇÕES

OBJECTIVO: Evitar ulterior absorção do veneno

Seja como for, após se terem prestado os primeiros socorros ao
animal, levá-lo imediatamente ao veterinário, avisando este
entretanto.
A. Provocar o vómito no caso de ingestão de veneno, se:

* o veneno foi ingerido menos de três horas antes da apresentação;
* o animal reage normalmente quando se lhe introduz um dedo na garganta, não tem convulsões, nem está muito deprimido (perigo de sufocamento)

NOTA: Se o animal tiver ingerido algum derivado do petróleo, ácido ou base forte, NÃO o faça vomitar, leve-o imediatamente ao veterinário!

Como fazer vomitar:

* um gato: administrar-lhe uma dose de xarope IPACAC; recomendando-se 6,6 ml/kg de peso.
* um cão: administrar-lhe uma solucão salina a 20%, em quantidade adequada ao seu tamanho (de 50ml a 500ml).
* um ou o outro: após o animal ter vomitado, administrar-lhe uma suspensão de carvão activo (10ml/kg, ou seja, 1g por cada 5ml de água).

NOTA: Tenha sempre à mão um estojo de primeiros socorros a animais!

* O xarope IPACAC compra-se nas farmacias;
* O carvão activado compra-se nas farmacias;
* Garrafas de plástico com bico ou buraco na tampa servem para se administrar líquidos.

B. Remover o veneno da pele e do pêlo do animal, se o tiver absorvido através deles.

Como remover o veneno:

* Tirar o colar anti-pulgas, caso se suspeite que tenha sido este a causa do envenenamento.
* Lavar o animal com água ensaboada morna e a seguir com água morna. Repetir a lavagem.
* Dar ao animal um duche de água morna por dez minutos.

For more info go to CARE AND TREATMENT

*.*.*



Killed by poison, after immense suffering

*.*.*

ASPCA ANIMAL POISON CONTROL CENTER


Domestic animals are deliberately poisoned in Portugal everyday. They are killed with poisoned food left around by people who consider them - mostly dogs - a nuisance for whatever reason.

Fingers are pointed at neighbours, hunters, poachers, owners of residential areas and golf courses and municipal officials.

The poisoning is often excused as a necessary operation to dispose of stray dogs and cats. These are considered a major problem, as sterilization of pets is not yet common in most households. Pets are often rejected when they become ill or when the owners are dissatisfied with them in any way.

Many, too many, owners of hunting dogs abandon them when they are no longer useful. It is well known in the Algarve that animal poisoning increases just before the hunting season starts and continues throughout. Empty poison bags are found in fields, yet dogs and cats within private property also get poisoned.

It should be quite clear that poison and poisoned animals scattered in the fields are also a grave risk to children and protected animals such like birds of prey.

People who are spreading herbicides and pesticides liberally disregarding the information and warnings on the labels or ignoring the risks to animal and human health also kill domestic animals accidentally.

Deliberate poisoning is one of the most barbaric and cowardly crimes against animals and a source of immense anguish and grief to the people who love them.

Amazingly, even rampant poisoning is not recognized as an official problem! There are hardly, if any, reports made to the Guard or the Police.

Despite their anger and sorrow, the somewhat cynical and lax response from the owners of animals poisoned to death shows they mistrust or even fear the judicial system and that poisoning will long remain acceptable to their culture.

Brief, many people here seem to view poisoning as a 'fact of life'.

The victims would disagree if they only could have a say in it...



ASPCA ANIMAL POISON CONTROL CENTER


FOR TO BE FREE IS NOT MERELY TO CAST OFF ONE'S CHAINS BUT TO LIVE IN A WAY THAT RESPECTS AND ENHANCES THE FREEDOM OF OTHERS - NELSON MANDELA




"All creatures on earth feel like we feel,
endeavor for happiness like we do.
They love, suffer and die like we do.
All beings in distress have equal rights for protection.
Not to cause our humble brothers pain is our commitment to the animals.
But to stop there is not enough.
We have a higher mission to serve them whenever they need us."
- St. Francis


BEING BOILED HURTS ! http://www.lobsterlib.com
In fact, PETA has consulted with many marine biologists about the most humane way to kill a lobster. While the experts couldn't seem to agree on which method is best, they do agree that there really is no humane way to kill these sensitive and unusual animals. Peta

"UNTIL ONE HAS LOVED AN ANIMAL, A PART OF ONE'S SOUL REMAINS UNAWAKENED"
by ANATOLE FRANCE indigo.org/friends/

CRUELTY TO ANIMALS IS ONE OF THE MOST SIGNIFICANT VICES OF A LOW AND IGNOBLE PEOPLE Alexander von Humboldt

NON HUMAN ANIMALS... ARE NOT OURS TO EAT, WEAR, EXPERIMENT ON, OR USE FOR ENTERTAINMENT!!! Peta

KILLING ANIMALS HARDENS HUMANS HEARTS!
EATING ANIMALS HARDENS HUMANS ARTERIES
Ruth Gelhert - The Humane Crusade

ANIMALS IN LABORATORIES UNSEEN THEY SUFFER
UNHEARD THEY CRY IN AGONY THEY LINGER
IN LONELINESS THEY DIE - Unknown

If you have the opportunity, please adopt an abandoned animal.
Get a dog or cat from a shelter! It will become your loving companion.



"Action Against Poisoning" OIPA Member League
International Organisation for Animal Protection
OIPA is an NGO Non Governmental Organization associated to the
UN Department of Public Information
international@oipa.org
http://www.oipa.org